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Selected Applications Using the Mini-Beadbeater

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Extraction from Soil & Wastes

The Extraction and Purification of Microbial DNA from Sediments, Andrew Ogram et. al., J. Microbiol. Methods, Vol.7, p.57-66 (1987)

Methods for microbial DNA extraction from soil for PCR amplification, C. Yeates, et. al., Biol Proced Online. May 1998 - April 1999; 1: 40–47.

Small-scale DNA Sample Preparation Method for Field PCR Detection of Microbial Cells and Spores in Soil, C.R. Kuske, et. al., Appl. Environ. Microbiology, Vol.64, p.2463-2472 (1998).  "Only the MiniBeadbeater was effective for DNA extraction from Bacillus globigii (B. subtilis subsp. niger) endospores or Fusarium moniliforme conidia"

Evaluation and Optimization of DNA Extraction and Purification Procedures for Soil and Sediment Samples, D.N. Miller et. al., Appl. Environ. Microbiology, Vol.65, p.4715-4724 (1999)

Rapid Method for Coextraction of DNA and RNA from Natural Environments for Analysis of Ribosomal DNA- and rRNA-based Microbial Community Composition, R.I. Griffiths et. al., Appl. Environ. Microbiology, Vol 66, p.5488-5491 (2000)

Simultaneous DNA/RNA Extraction from Soil, a protocol based on a modified method of Griffiths et. al.(2000), from Eoin Brodie, April 2003.  This protocol uses a Fast-Prep machine.  For comparable results with other beadbeater-type machines use the maximum available speed setting.

A Strategy for Optimizing Quality and Quantity of DNA Extracted from Soil, Helmut Burgmann et al, J Micrrobiological Methods, Vol 45, p. 7-20 (2001).  Examines the effect of varying beadbeating time, speed, volume and temperature of extraction media, and amount and type of beads on the yield and quality of  DNA from several soil types.

Improved Extraction of PCR-quality Community DNA from Digesta and Fecal Samples, Zhongtang Yu and Mark Morrison, BioTechniques, Vol 36, p.808-813 (2004).   Content: Beadbeating gives "1.5 to 6 fold increase in DNA yield compared to other methods.

Comparative Analysis of Fecal DNA Extraction Methods with Phylogenetic Microarray: Effective Recovery of Bacterial and Archaeal DNA using Mechnical Cell Lysis, Anne Solonen et al, J Microbiological Methods, Vol 81, p.127-134 (2010) Content:  Four widely used methods are compared.  The DNA yields varied up to 35 fold.  A modified protocol of Yu and Morrison was the best.

A  Methods Protocol for the Extraction of DNA from Sediment/Soil Samples

Skim Milk Drastically Improves the Efficiency of DNA Extraction from Andisol, a Volcanic Ash Soil, Yuko Takada Hoshino and Naoyuki Matsumoto, Japan Agri Research Quart, Vol 39-4, 247-252 (2005)  Content: 40 mg skim milk powder/gram soil sample was added as an adsorption competitor.  Does not interfere with PCR procedures. 

Virus & Spores

West Nile virus Epidemic in Horses, Tuscany Region, Italy, Gian L Autorino et. al., Emerg. Infect. Dis., Vol.8, No..12, (2002)

Reexamination of the Role of Autolysis in the Development of Myxococcus xanthus, Kathleen A. O'Connor and David R. Zusman, J. Bacteriology, Vol.170, p.4103-4112 (1988)

A Field Investigation of Bacillus anthracis Contamination of USDA and Other Washington, DC Buildings during the Antrax Attack of October 2001, James A. Higgins, et. al., Appl. Environ. Microbiology, Vol.69, p.593-599 (2003)


Disruption of the Nematode Worm C. elegans, A procedural note, Christopher Hopkins, (June 2005).


Simultaneous Quantification of Opiates, Cocaine, and Metabolites in Hair by LC-APCI-MS/MS, Karl B. Scheidweiler and Marilyn A. Huestis, Anal. Chem., Vol.76 (15), p.4358–4363 (2004)

Extraction and Analysis of Cortisol from Human and Monkey Hair, Jerrold Meyer, Melinda Novak, Amanda Hamel, and Kendra Rosenberg, J Vis Exp. 2014; (83): 50882 (2014).  To a 2 ml microcentrifuge tube add 60 mg washed hair, three 3.2 mm chrome steel beads and grind for at 2-3 min in a MiniBeadbeater.  Includes a video link showing protocol details.

Pathogens in Plant & Animal Tissue

Comparison of Tissue-Disruption Methods for PCR-Based Detection of Plant Pathogens, Paul Vincelli and Bernadette Amsden, Plant Disease, Vol.97, No.3, p.363-368 (2013)

Comparison of Mechanical Tissue Grinders and the MiniBeadbeater-96 for Homogenization of Murine Lung and Thigh Tissue for Subsequent Quantitation of Bacterial Density, Lucinda M Lamb, Jennifer Tabor-Rennie, Jarod LCrandon, David P Nicolau, Enliven: Microb Microbial Tech 1(2) :001 (2015)